What is a Migraine?
Dr. Raman: The following is an account of the medical model of Migraine...most likely what you may have heard from your physician...which looks at Migraine as an incurable condition that can only be managed with life style changes and prescription drugs.
Interspersed are my comments about the hope offered through Neuro Muscular dentistry. It is an approach to correct this problem once and for all by dealing with the biggest contributor to Migraines - a poor alignment of the bite ...called malocclusion.
Question: Can it cause brain damage?
Migraine is a severe headache, which can last anywhere from two hours to two days. This headache is accompanied by disturbances of vision and/or nausea, extreme pain and vomiting.
Dr. Raman: What follows is a description of Migraine from the perspective of medicine. When you read this account you will notice the following important points:
Migraines affect over 23 million people, with roughly 75 percent of them being women. Migraines begin with the release of serotonin; a biochemical substance stored in the blood platelets produced naturally in the body. When serotonin is released, the blood vessels constrict (narrow). As serotonin is expelled by the kidneys, its level in the brain is depleted, causing the blood vessels to dilate (expand). This dilation causes pain in the surrounding nerves, which can lead to migraines.
There are two predominant types of migraines - common migraine and classic migraine. The common migraine develops slowly and may be preceded by tiredness, cravings, yawning, depression, irritability and anxiousness.
The common migraine usually occurs on one side of the head. The classic migraine develops in four stages - prodrome, aura, headache and post-headache. During the prodrome stage, the person may feel fatigued, irritable, have decreased concentration or experience depression. This stage will develop about 24 hours prior to the aura stage. The aura stage is a slowly expanding area of blindness surrounded by a sparkling edge that increases to involve up to one half of the field of vision of each eye. In addition to the aura, the migraine sufferer may see flashing lights, colors or zig-zags of light, experience a prickly or burning sensation and/or muscle weakness on one side of the body. The third stage is the headache itself, which is usually a severe throbbing pain on one side of the head that is often exaggerated by bright light or noise and may be accompanied by nausea and vomiting. The fourth stage is post-headache, which is characterized by exhaustion and fatigue.
The classic migraine may occur on one or both sides of the head. The other types of migraines are: hemiplegic migraine, which involves muscle weakness or partial paralysis lasting less than an hour; ophthalmoplegic migraine, which involves temporary eye inconveniences, such as droopy eyelid and pupillary changes, lasting from several days to weeks; basilar artery migraine, which involves neurological spasm lasting for about six to eight hours; and status migraine; which involves a severe migraine attack, lasting longer than 24 hours.
Serotonin release, resulting in a migraine, can be triggered by a number of factors. These factors can be stress-related (such as anger, depression, shock, excitement or changes in routine), food-related (such as chocolate, cheese, red wine or fried foods), or sensory-related (such as bright lights, strong odors or loud noises). Additionally, migraines can be medication-related (medicines including nitroglycerin, lithium and certain anti-hypertensive, anti-inflammatory and broncho-dilating drugs), or hormone-related (such as menstrual periods, hormonal treatments or birth control pills). Patients often have a family history of migraine.
Dr. Raman: While these factors can contribute to a migraine episode, the biggest contributor is a poor bite relation...from the lower jaw being poorly aligned with the upper jaw. This in turn results in a constant effort by the muscles of the jaw (muscles of mastication) and in turn the muscles of the head and neck...each time the jaws are brought together. This occurs about 2000 to 3000 times each day when you swallow and of course, during chewing. In turn, these muscles become fatigued or go in to spasm (similar to a 'charlie horse'). Lactic acid, carbonic acid and other metabolite build up in these fatigued muscles due to increased pressure on capillaries preventing normal blood flow. This is a primary trigger of Migraines.
The symptoms of a migraine may include:
- Throbbing or dull aching pain on one or both sides of the head
- Changes in how a person sees, including blurred vision or blind spots, zig-zags of light or light flashes
- Sensitivity to light, noise and odors
- Nasal congestion
- Feeling cold or sweating Stiff or tender neck
- Anxious or restlessness
- Tender scalp
- Cold hands and feet
No tests are available to reliably diagnose a migraine. The doctor will make a determination, based on a physical examination and a thorough medical history, including triggers, symptoms and family history.
Treatment of migraines is directed at preventing attacks (prophylactic or preventive therapy) and alleviating them when they occur (abortive therapy). Prophylactic therapy includes:
- eliminating the controllable triggers, such as chocolate or red wine
- improving the person's physical, mental and emotional health by exercising, biofeedback, relaxation techniques, rest and stress reduction
- taking medications to prevent the onset of an attack
- lying in a dark quiet room with a cold compress or rag on the forehead
- massage or acupuncture
- using visualization techniques to direct blood flow away from the head putting pressure on the temples
Dr. Raman: What is glaringly lacking from the above list of treatments is a real solution. Through a scientific approach of measuring the electrical activity of the muscles of mastication (Electromyography - EMG) similar to measuring the electrical activity of the heart through EKG, the proper bite relation is diagnosed. Then by correcting the bite relation the Migraine attacks can become a thing of distant memory!
Questions to Ask Your Doctor
- What type of migraine is it?
- Is this a symptom of another condition(s)?
- What can be done to prevent a reoccurrence?
- What medications can be taken to relieve the pain?
- What are the side effects of the medication?
- Should I keep a supply of migraine medication at home?
- How long before the pain subsides?
- Are there things that should be avoided (such as food, bright lights, exercise, etc.)?
Dr. Raman: These are the suggested questions to ask of your physician. I would add the following: Are there any real solutions that would help me avoid Migraines without having to take prescription drugs for the rest of my life?
If the answer you get is less than satisfactory, let me suggest that you contact us. The first step is an evaluation. This is to see if the malocclusion (poor bite relation) is a primary cause of your Migraines. Only if I have confidence that I can help you, would you be accepted for treatment. If malocclusion is not a primary cause in your particular case, then I will inform you of that. I don't wish to waste your time, your money and my time.
What do you have to lose…..except your Migraines!